02nd July, 2021
The Aftermath of Lahore Bomb Blast
A Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED) exploded in BOR, Johar Town Lahore on 23rd June which resulted in the death of four persons and 23 others were injured. According to Medical Officer of Jinnah Hospital Lahore, pallets were found in the bodies of the injured. The place of blast was hardly 50/60 meters from the residence of Hafiz Saeed, Chief of proscribed outfit Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD). So, it was presumed that his residence was the target of this attack. Later on, the culprits also confessed that Hafiz Saeed was the target.
The security analysts considered it an intelligence failure and security lapse because a stolen vehicle carrying 20 KG High Explosive managed to reach the residential area, presumed to be in heart of the city and was detonated. It caused considerable loss of life and property and created scare among the public. The terrorists achieved their objective. Sadly, it all happened despite credible foreknowledge about it.
Nevertheless, after the incident, the intelligence agencies moved swiftly thereafter and arrested a 57 years old Pakistani male, Peter Paul David s/o Joseph David, from the Allama Iqbal International Airport, while fleeing to Dubai, for arranging the vehicle used in the bomb blast. The agencies reached him through the number plate of the car used in the blast. It was in the name of one Irfan who revealed that he sold it to Peter Paul. His interrogation led to arrests of other accomplices including Eid Gul s/o Zaraq Khan, the main culprit. An official handout issued by the DGPR Punjab contained that all the terrorists involved in in the Lahore Johar Town blast incident, starting from reconnaissance, installation of explosive material, blast, to handing it over for final act, have been arrested. All the pieces of evidence obtained so far from this group has proved the involvement of a foreign hostile intelligence agency in this terror incident.
The CM and IG police, Punjab addressing a press conference expressed the similar views confirming arrest of 10 Pakistani male and female citizens for planning, facilitation and execution of the said blast. The combined efforts of Counter Terrorism Department (CTD), police and intelligence agencies are commendable to trace and arrest the culprits behind the incident in a short period.
But it leaves much to be desired. Was there any intimation or intelligence report about this plan? If so, why fool-proof defensive measures were not adopted? Obviously, Eid Gul was a trained man, as per initial reports, linked with the terrorists in Afghanistan as he did the work quite dexterously. His brothers are also borne on 4th Schedule of Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997. It is hoped that Eid Gul would divulge more information about his handlers and the network.
The involvement of foreign hand, presumably Indian RAW, is not a news and nothing new. Pakistan has been facing Indian terrorism and sabotage since 1990s. It continued from bomb-blasts in Lahore, Sialkot to supporting the militants of MQM and Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) activists. The Indian National Security Advisor Ajit Doval has been vocal about his designs to hit and harm Pakistan. On the other hand, the likes of hawkish Amrullah Saleh, 1st Vice President of Afghanistan, who was head of NDS and Hamdullah Mohib, National Security Advisor of Afghanistan, do not hide their ill-intentions towards Pakistan. Being hemmed in between two hostile neighbours, Pakistan cannot afford to lower its guards. Involvement of foreign hand does not absolve it of the responsibility to tackle the internal miscreants and their networks.
Now after the interrogation of the culprits involved in this act, there is no doubt that the plan was devised by the Indian intelligence agencies. However, at this point in time when there is peace at the LoC, it is a grave folly on part of India to undermine ceasefire situation with this sort of heinous activity in Pakistan. No wonder, it is just an extension of its belligerent activities in IOJK.
Pakistan should use diplomatic channels to demand from the foreign governments to hand over the Pakistanis involved in this incident so that investigation could reach the logical conclusion. Similarly, the Indian handlers should be held and interrogated in the respective countries so that the entire network could come to light.
TERRORISM/SECTARIANISM-AT A GLANCE
|1.||The Counter Terrorism Department (CTD) arrested a suspected terrorist, Ubaid-ur-Rehman @ Kapri of banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LJ)and recovered hand grenade from his possession during a raid in Mirza Adam Khan Road, Lyari Karachi. He was allegedly involved in five murders on sectarian grounds and the killing of former MQM MPA Sajjad Qureshi (27th June).||—||—||01|
|2.||Pakistan Rangers and Sindh police, in a joint operation arrested one of the most wanted extortionists Muhammad Nasir from Sarjani town, Karachi. The suspect had demanded Rs/- 2.5 million from a local trader with threat to kill him and kidnap his son if he failed to comply the demand (27th June).||—||—||01|
|3.||A caretaker of Arab Shah Dargah named Qari Abdul Sattar was shot dead by unidentified motorcyclists at Chasman Goth, Garden area Karachi (27th June).||01|
Comments & Analysis: – Ref para 1 above: It is learnt that his brother Asim Kapri was sentenced to death in the murder case of renowned qawwal Amjad Sabri. The terrorists belonging to different groups resort to extortion and act as hired assassins too.
|1.||Two Elite Police force constables sustained injuries when they were ambushed by unidentified terrorists/miscreants in Kiri Khazai area of Tank District (26th June).||—||02||—|
|2.||Five persons including one Shafique, his wife and children killed, while five others wounded, in a blast during the course of dismantling a live mortar shell in their house in Landi Kotal, Khyber tribal District (29th June).||05||05||—|
|3.||Two soldiers Havaldar Saleem and Lance Naik Pervaiz were martyred and few others injured in an attack on military post in Dwati area of North Waziristan tribal District across the border from Afghan Province Pakitika (30th June). Pakistan lodged protest with the Afghan authorities and asked for border security management to control the activities of terrorists and prevent repetition of such incidents in future (30th June).||02||—||—|
|4.||Three soldiers – Naik Ali Zafar Betani, Lance Naik Asim and sepoy Babar Muhammad were martyred and few others injured in an attack by the terrorists with rockets and machine guns on a FC post in Khwaisura Faqir Wali in South Waziristan Tribal District (30th June).||03||—||—|
Comments & Analysis: – The attacks from across the border from Afghanistan by the terrorists, aided and facilitated by the Afghan National Directorate of Security (NDS), which resulted in the martyrdom of five soldiers at two different places, are indicative of belligerent mood of the duo that is continuously trying to harm and hurt Pakistan. There is a need to beef up security at the border places adjacent to Afghan provinces Kunar, Nouristan and Paktika. The bunkers should be well-fortified to stand heavy fire and sharp-shooters should be deployed to target the miscreants that attack the soldiers from across the border.
|1.||Five personnel of Frontier Corps (FC)patrol party patrol comprising Havaldar Zafar Ali Khan, Lance Naik Hadiatullah, Lance Naik Bashir Ahmed and Sepoy Noorullah, embraced martyrdom in exchange of fire during an attack by the terrorists in mountainous Sangan area of Sibi District (25th June).||05||—||—|
|2.||One FC soldier was martyred and two others injured in firing by unidentified terrorists in the Mand area of Kech District. The security personnel were deployed to protect the fence erected by Pakistan alongwith the Iranian border in the Mand area (26th June).||01||02||—|
|3.||One FC sepoy Kifayatullah was killed in a terrorist attack with pressurized IED on a water tank at motorway M-8 near Shapak District, Hoshab (26th June).||01||—||—|
|4.||Labourer, Abdullah and Shahid were killed and Jamal Khan injured by unidentified armed motorcyclists in Mana area of Ziarat District. The attackers managed to escape (29 June).||02||01||—|
|5.||Six persons were injured when a motorcycle laden with explosives was rammed into the army truck at the airport road, Quetta (1 July). Two sepoys are in critical condition.||—||06||—|
Comments & Analysis: – Balochistan is facing acute terrorist activities across the province since long, which has increased during the last few months. Killing of FC personnel has become a routine. The MCBIED attack at Airport Road should have been prevented through preemptive intelligence work. Intelligence agencies ought to penetrate in the terrorist groups and have fore-knowledge of their nefarious plans.
Pakistan to remain on FATF grey list
Pakistan could not come out of the grey list of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in its 25th June meeting. FATF announced that Pakistan has made significant progress and largely addressed 26 out of 27 items on the action plan. The item that remained unfulfilled is investigation and prosecution of senior leaders and commanders of UN designated terror group. Therefore, it will continue to remain on the watchdog’s increased monitoring list (grey list) till it addresses the remaining single item (25th June).
Comments & Analysis: – It is quite strange and perplexing that despite the best efforts of Pakistan that resulted in fulfillment of 26 out of 27 points, the powers -that-be have not given a clean chit to Pakistan. The Foreign Minister of Pakistan expressed resentment over this partisan attitude and termed it a political decision. It is felt that the pressure is being developed on Pakistan to get concessions for the US forces after its withdrawal.
Missing persons’ relatives stage protest
The relatives of missing persons, under the leadership of Mir Afzal, staged a protest outside the Peshawar Press Club, seeking safe and early recovery of their dear ones. They had been requesting for due process of law and vowed to remain silent if they were produced before the court of law and awarded punishment if they were found guilty. They asked the government to provide them justice and end the miseries they had been facing due to the disappearance of their loved ones (28th June).
Comments & Analysis: The matter must be taken seriously and addressed sympathetically as per the laws of the land to avoid resentment and reaction of the concerned people.
Pakistan rejected Indian blame of drone attack on Jammu Air base
Pakistan Foreign Office rejected the statement of India’s State Minister Krishna Reddy about Pakistan’s alleged involvement in drone attack on Jammu Air Base. Added that it was a part of Indian propaganda campaign to malign Pakistan in terrorism sponsoring (30th June).
Comments & Analysis: – Indian intelligence agencies and defence & security strategists tirelessly fabricate stories of Pakistan’s involvement in terror sponsoring, starting from Pulwama incident to several others. They launch false flag operations against Pakistan to divert the attention of world from its state terrorism in the Illegal Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir.
Nationalists’ drive against BTK, ‘anti-Sindh’ projects on July 4
The Sindh Action Committee (SAC) decided to launch their second phase of mobilization drive on 04th July against Bahria Town Karachi (BTK) and other mega projects including the Sindh barrage (28th June). The meeting included Sindh Taraqi-Pasand Party (STP) Chairman Dr. Qadir Magsi, Jeay Sindh Mahaz-Riaz leader Riaz Ali Chandio, Awami Tehreek leader Wasand Thari, Awami Jamhoori Party leader Noor Nabi Rahujo, Parhaat Mazahimat Tehreek leader Masroor Shah held a meeting under its convener Syed Jalal Mahmood Shah at Jamshoro, Hyderabad. It was
Comments & Analysis: – According to SAC such projects are engulfing Sindhi goths in Karachi, Hyderabad and other places. They termed it an attack on Sindh Province. The second phase for protest would be held in Digri, Jhuddo, Naukot, Mithi, Islamkot, Chhachhro, Umerkot, Kunri, Samartooko, Kot Ghulam Mohammad and Mirpurkhas. The meeting condemned inclusion of name of JSM-R Chairman Riaz Chandio and its central leaders in the fourth schedule by the PPP Government and demanded to remove the ban on their movement. The second phase would continue till 10th July.
Air chief witnessed ‘Anatolian Eagle 2021’ exercise in Turkey
Air Chief Marshal Zaheer Ahmed Baber Sidhu, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force visited the 3rd Main Jet Base in Konya, Turkey to review the multi-national annual air exercise “Anatolian Eagle-2021” featuring participation from Air Forces of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan and Qatar (2nd July).
Parliamentarians briefed by DG ISI
An eight-hour long in-camera meeting of the Parliamentary Committee on National Security took place at the Parliament House. National Assembly Speaker Asad Qaiser chaired the meeting, with Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa, and the Director-General of the Inter-Services Public Relations (DG ISPR) Major General Babar Iftikhar also in attendance. All prominent parliamentarians and heads of political parties attended it. Prime Minister Imran Khan did not attend either of the two sessions that took place (2nd July).
Comments & Analysis: Generally, all the participants expressed satisfaction over the briefing.
COAS visited National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad
General Qamar Javed Bajwa, Chief of Army Staff (COAS) visited National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad where he was received by its President Lt Gen. Muhammad Saeed. While addressing the participants of National Security and War Course (NSWC) – 21, he dilated upon the evolving strategic and regional environment. He said that the spoilers of peace in Afghanistan were a risk for regional instability. Expressing resolute support to the people of IIOJ&K, he stressed upon a peaceful and durable solution of Kashmir dispute in accordance with relevant UN resolutions and aspirations of Kashmiri people. Sharing his vision of Pakistan Army (30th June).
Janikhel tribe ended protest
The Janikhel tribe ended the month-long sit-in at Bannu and buried the slain tribal elder Malik Naseeb Khan after successful talks with the administration. (27th June).
Comments & Analysis: – The Janikhel area is located in the North Waziristan tribal District. They launched their protest after tribal elder Malik Naseeb Khan was shot dead on 30th May. The tribesmen refused to bury him until the government dealt with the culprits with stern hand. A clash took place between the police and the Janikhel protestors on 23rd June when they were heading towards Islamabad to press their demands. Police stopped them and during the clash one protestor was killed and several injured.
Families of Khyber blast victims to get compensation
Zakhakhel and Shinwari tribesmen ended protest after the administration promised registration of FIR over Tuesday blast in Landi Kotal, Khyber Tribal District and payment of adequate compensation to families of the victims (30th June). The tribesmen had blocked the road leading to the Torkham border in Charwazgai area over the killing of four children and a woman in the explosion of an abandoned mortar shell inside their house.
Comments & Analysis: – The children had mistakenly picked up the mortar shell which resulted in this sad incident. The area should be scanned for such abandoned live ammunition which may be defused or destroyed. The Deputy Commissioner, District Police Officer and the Commandant Khyber Rifles did good job by holding successful talks with the protesters and announced registration of FIR over blast and payment of ‘adequate’ compensation to the victims’ families.
Mehsud, Wazir tribes agree to resolve land dispute through ADR system
The Mehsud tribe of North Waziristan and Wazir tribe of South Waziristan tribal District agreed to cease fire over the long-standing land dispute in Negmal area (30th June).
Comments & Analysis: – The disputed land in Negmal is spanning over 1,500 kanals and it is situated between Ladha tehsil of South Waziristan and Razmak tehsil of North Waziristan. The members of both tribes describe this land as their property and they are not ready to accept the right of rival party. Several clashes have also been reported between the two tribes over the issue in which at least one person lost his life, while dozens of others have been injured. After involvement of the local administration both the tribes have agreed to hold fire due to the appeals and efforts of Alternate Dispute Resolution Jirga.
Helpline set up for Afghan refugees
The Commissioner Headquarters for Afghan Refugees Islamabad Faridullah Jan and Head of Development Cooperation (HDC) German Embassy Marion Pfennigs inaugurated a conference hall and a helpline at Commissionerate for Afghan refugees in Peshawar (28th June).
Comments & Analysis: – The helpline has been established with the support of German government through GIZ for quick and effective resolution of the problems or grievances faced by both the refugees as well as the Pakistani host community.
Chinese envoy visits CDA, Pak-China Friendship Centre
The Chinese Ambassador Nong Rong visited Capital Development Authority (CDA) headquarters and Pak-China Friendship Centre in Islamabad. During his meeting with the Chairman CDA he showed his interest to explore the initiative to transform Islamabad into a smart city, with introduction of automation, in supervision as well as management. He also visited the Pak-China Friendship Centre which was a landmark of cooperation of friendship between the two countries which was setup by the Pakistani Government with the financial support of China (30th June).
Comments & Analysis: – It is learnt that during his visit to CDA and Pak-China Friendship Center, the Chinese Ambassador hinted that his country would support CDA in making Islamabad a smart city. PM Imran Khan during his recent interview to a Chinese state media (28th June) said that Pakistan has very special relationship with China for last over 70 years which has withstood the tests of time.
BLA activists sentenced for bid to blow up gas pipeline
An Anti-Terrorism Court in Bahawalpur awarded 10-years imprisonment each to four activists of outlawed Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) named – Attullah Dost Muhammad, Sakhi Baksh and Saleem for their bid to blow up a gas pipeline in Rahim Yar Khan District in 2018. Brahumdagh Bugti, is a proclaimed offender in the case while four other accused – Bilal, Iqbal, Jangoo and Hamal were acquitted due to insufficient evidence against them (29th June).
Comments & Analysis: – According to the court judgement, the convicts had in December 2018 tried to blow up the main pipeline supplying gas to upcountry destinations from Sui in Balochistan. The CTD after investigations arrested the accused persons. The accused had reportedly confessed during the interrogation to have planted explosive devices to sabotage the pipeline.
Crime Details 26/06/2021 to 02/07/2021
|Murders||(Lahore (Shahdara)-2, Taxila-2, Sahiwal-1, Taxila-1, Taxila-2, Bahawalpur-1, Muzaffargarh-3, Bahawalpur-3, Faisalabad-2, Gujar Khan-1, Lahore-1, Sahiwal-1, Lahore-2, Gujranwala-1, Taxila-1, Muzaffargarh-2, Lahore-2) = 28||(Swabi-1, Peshawar-7, Peshawar-5, Khyber-5, North /South Waziristan-5) = 23||(Vehari-1, Karachi-2, Karachi-2, Badin-5, Sukkur-1, Sukkur-1) = 12||(Islamabad-3, Islamabad-1) = 04||(Quetta-5, Turbat-1, Sibi-1, Quetta-2) = 09||(Neelum valley-1) = 01||77|
|Robberies/ Dacoits||(Rawalpindi-1) = 01||—||—||(Islamabad-1, Islamabad-1) = 02||—||—||03|
|Gang Rape||(Lahore-1, Bahawalnagar-1, Bahawalpur-1) = 03||—||—||—||—||—||03|
|Kidnapping||(Lahore-1, Gujranwala-1) = 02||—||—||—||—||—||02|
|Injured||(Taxila-1, Muzaffargarh-3, Taxila-1, Bahawalpur-3, Sahiwal-2, Bahawalpur-15, Sahiwal-2, Lahore-2, Lahore-2, Taxila-1) = 32||(Dera Ismail Khan-2, Bajaur-9, Peshawar-1, Kohat-1, Khyber-5, North /South Waziristan-5) = 23||(Karachi-3, Sukkur-3, Sukkur-1) = 07||(Islamabad-1, Islamabad-2, Islamabad-1) = 04||(Turbat-2, Neelum valley-3, Quetta-1) = 06||—||72|
|Police encounter||(Chiniot-1) = 01||(Lakki Marwat-1) = 01||(Sukkur-1, Karachi (Nazimabad)-1) = 02||(Islamabad-1) = 01||—||—||05|
Source: Media & National dailies
LoC/IOJK (Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir)
Indian security forces continued their fake anti- militancy drive in IOJK. During the same 07 were killed, 06 injured including four security personnel and 05 arrested in Srinagar, Jammu, Awantpura, Rajouri and Kalgham Districts (26th, 27th, 28th and 30th June). Earlier, as claimed by the Indian Air force (IAF), two small blasts took place in Jammu airbase caused by 1.5 kg explosive dropped by remotely controlled mini drones or quadcopters (UAV) which caused minor damage to a roof and injuries to two persons (27th June).
On the political front, the Indian PM Narendra Modi called All Parties Conference at New Delhi on 24 June which was attended by BJO, Congress, Gupkar Alliance led by Farooq Abdullah, Mehbooba Mufti and Sajjad Lone barring Hurriyat Conference. It ended without producing anything productive on the table to meet demand of Kashmiri political parties and the Congress.
Comments & Analysis: – Both Pakistani and Indian forces are complying the ceasefire agreement and situation remained peaceful at LoC during the period under review. Having been free from the tension on LoC, India concentrated its full efforts to shut the voice of Kashmiri people struggling for their rights and freedom through state terrorism and killings/arrests of youth in fake encounters and raids. The BJP led Indian government hoodwinked the world to call All Parties Conference just to buy time for implementing phase-2 to complete RSS agenda for diluting Muslim majority into a minority in the valley and furtherance of its strategic ambitions while it has already bifurcated Kashmir into two union territories, Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir.
Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh alongwith the Army Chief Gen. MM Naravane during their three-day visit to Ladakh and other areas of IOJK took briefing from the commanders of 14-Corps over security situation in the conflict zone and operational preparedness of the Indian troops. He said that India will never forget the sacrifice of its troops in Galwan clash with China last year. He reiterated that India has capabilities to respond to any challenge posed to its security in befitting manner.
In a special ceremony held at Kyungam, 88 km away from Leh Cantt, he also inaugurated 63 borders construction projects including roads, bridges and other infrastructures of military significant areas of six states and two union territories – IIOJK, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Nagaland, Minipur and Arunachal Pradesh with the total cost of 240 corer rupees (26th to 28th June).
Comments & Analysis: – India is dealing China on defensive stance to settle its border dispute aimed to increase its military strength rapidly with the support of its western strategic partners both on land and sea. The mutual military and diplomatic level talks between India and China have not yielded any significant progress apart from maintaining calm on forward positions and a minor disengagement on a few locations of Tso Pangong Lake.
During the period under review 271 security forces/pro-govt-militias, 257 Taliban / militants of other groups and 28 civilians were killed while 55 were injured in various incidents and inter fighting between Afghan security forces and Taliban across the country including Kabul, Baghlan, Takhar, Badakhshan, Paghman, Ghor, Lashkargah, Herat, Laghman, Badghis, Faryab, Nangarhar, Balkh and Kunduz Provinces. Over 100 districts in 28 of 34 provinces have fallen to Taliban mostly by surrendering or fleeing away of the Afghan National Defence Security Forces (ANDF) from their positions. The ANDF claimed taking back of several districts from Taliban during counter offensive attacks (1st July).
WITHDRAWAL OF FOREIGN TROOPS/AFGHAN PEACE PROCESS
The forces of Germany, Italy, and Georgia returned to their countries. The US forces also vacated Bagram airbase, 69km away from Kabul and handed it over to Afghan National Defence Security forces (ANDS) on 02nd July. Earlier Gen. Scot Miller Commander US forces in Afghanistan said that ANDFS had sufficient equipments, weapons and capabilities, however, USA would continue extending its support to the ANDSF. He said that Taliban will not be able to win militarily and the increased violence in Afghanistan has made the situation complicated. Further said that local militias in support of the Afghan security forces could lead to ‘civil war’ (29th June).
Comments & Analysis: – The situation in Afghanistan going from bad to worse. Civil war is in the offing. The former Vice President Rashid Dostum asked his militia to stand against Taliban. Abdullah Abdullah, Chairman, HCNR said that Taliban have reached near Kabul and asked people to support the system. Taliban spokesperson Muhammad Naeem said that Afghan Government team was not interested in dialogue with them. The Russian Ambassador to Kabul said that his country had no direct threat from Taliban, the extended troika of the four countries including Russia, China, Pakistan and USA were working to settle the Afghan crisis.
Coronavirus Crisis Update
The number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Pakistan was registered to be 6,778 from 27th June to 02nd July, 2021 (Friday) after new infections were confirmed in the country.
The Province-wise breakup of the total 1,551 active cases and total deaths 193 during this period is as follows:
|Provinces||Total Active Cases||Total Deaths|
|Islamabad Capital Territory||7||04|
Comments & Analysis: – The dip in the coronavirus patients became quite visible. However, almost 30 deaths a day due to coronavirus is a number which should keep all the concerned on the toes. Vaccination process should be enhanced before all the bans are lifted on gatherings etc. All should be prepared to face the threat of 4th wave of coronavirus.
Pakistan’s Security Barometer
Terrorism: TTP and its affiliates are trying to take advantage of uncertain times after the withdrawal of the US forces from Afghanistan. Threat to major cities has increased.
Threat Level: High – The threat level is persistently high due to national, international and regional security environment. The intelligence agencies must take proactive pre-emptive measures to unearth the networks and foil the evil designs of the terrorists.
Level of Sectarianism & Religious Extremism: Simmering through the society due to unbridled activities of the extremist sectarian and religious elements.
Border Situation: Ceasefire at LoC. The Western border (Pak-Afghan), also largely remained calm.
Health Security: The third wave of Coronavirus is gradually petering out. The threat of 4th wave is looming large.
Social Unrest: Rising; The constant rise in electricity, petrol tariffs, medicines and inflation has impacted all segments of society. The salaried class and poor people are the worst sufferers.
Freedom of Press: Pakistan has dropped three places in the World Press Freedom Index (WPFI), since last year- 144th out of 180 countries in the world. 180 countries in the world.
Note: The Security Brief is based on open-source media reports.
Editor: Dr.Naveed Elahi
Published by: Centre for Peace and Security Research, 131-Shadman II, Lahore.